The ocean is the largest ecosystem on earth and accounts for up to 97% of the world’s water. It is home to many diverse creatures and scientists estimate that there are still millions of unidentified species beyond national jurisdictions. The ocean is still one of the mysterious and diverse places on Earth hence it is disheartening that it is badly threatened by pollution.
A research currently published by Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) showed that at least 88% of the Earth’s ocean surface is polluted with plastic debris. Due to this excessive pollution, over 1 million seabirds and thousands of seabirds are killed every year. Most of the pollution on oceans are from land-based sources such as agricultural run-off, discharge of nutrients, pesticides and plastics.
The ocean provides about a sixth of the animal protein we eat. They also help to absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and reduce the effects of climate change. Hence our security, economy and even our survival all depends on our ability to conserve oceans and other water bodies.
Ocean conservation is the study of marine plants and animal resources, protection and preservation of ecosystems in oceans and seas through planned management to prevent the exploitation of these resources.
The Need To Protect Our Oceans and Other Water bodies.
Ocean conservation focuses on limiting the amount of damage caused by humans to marine ecosystems and helping to restore damaged marine ecosystems. It also helps to preserve vulnerable marine species.
With pollution being the major concern, there are also other factors affecting the oceans. These factors includes :
Increase in sea temperatures which leads to death in corals.
The amount of CO2,Carbon(IV) Oxide the ocean has to absorb. CO2 takes a hundred years to be recycled and too much CO2 in our oceans could make them lose the ability to absorb them. Also this can cause the oceans to be acidic leading to the death of aquatic life.
As a great source of food and boost to our economy, without the water bodies, a lot of people like fishermen and sailors can lose their jobs.
Not conserving our water bodies can lead to the death and extinction of aquatic life including the millions of species yet to be discovered under the ocean.
Water bodies which are a source of tourism in some places can lead to loss of jobs and income if they are no longer healthy.
How To Conserve The Oceans and other Water Bodies:
Ocean conservation deals majorly on the activities that assist to maintain the health of the oceans and marine life. Sand and sea creatures all depend on our oceans hence there is a need to make efforts to protect the water bodies.
→Reduce the use of plastic
This one of the things you can do to save the ocean and its living things.
According to research, there are more tiny pieces of plastic in the oceans than the stars in our galaxy. A study states that over 51 million micro plastics and particles are in the ocean. These plastics release toxins which kill aquatic life, including the turtles, birds and fish which may mistake these plastics for food.
→Disposing chemicals properly.
Never pour oil, waste water and materials, pharmaceuticals, chemicals paint into the water bodies.
→Keep the beach clean always.
While enjoying your summer on the beach side, make sure you don’t leave any of your trash behind.
→Know your food source.
Consumption of local organic food reduces your carbon footprint and reduces the amount of pesticides and fertilizers that run off into our water bodies.
Use energy-efficient light bulbs, walk or cycle instead of using your car for short distances. The gases emitted from our cars increase the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and increase your carbon footprint.
→ Avoid products made from marine life.
Be ocean-friendly. Don’t buy accessories that are made from various forms of marine life.
→ Properly dispose hazardous materials
They often end up being washed into our water sources if not disposed properly.
→Use less fertilizers
Avoid too much fertilizers during gardening and agriculture as they may be washed into the oceans which would result in loss of aquatic lives.
→Always conserve water
Support to conserve water resources by doing all the right things you are supposed to do. Make our water bodies a better place for the living things therein. Don’t constitute more nuisance to our oceans.
→ Eat certified seafood
Due to incessant contamination of water bodies, it is good to be acquainted with whatever seafood products you are consuming as some of them may contain toxins which are detrimental to the human body. Don’t play with your health. Be mindful of what you eat!
→ Join in a beach cleanup.
Healthy ocean begets healthy people Protect our marine treasures by keeping them clean always. Help in empowering our ocean citizens!
→Support Marine education in schools
Educating the students on the importance of maintaining a healthy ocean and how to maintain it will go a long way to saving our ocean. They will grow up to be strong advocates for conservation of water bodies and its resources.
→ Tell people what’s going on with the world’s water bodies and lecture them on what to do to make a difference.
When people know the right things to do, there are chances that most of them will choose to do the right things instead of the contrary. Therefore, be diligent in impacting knowledge on people daily.